Effects of a stability ball exercise programme on low back

Abstract
Background
most pregnant women experience back pain during pregnancy, a significant issue that negatively impacts life quality during pregnancy. Research into an exercise intervention programme targeting low back pain and lifestyle interference is lacking.

Objective
this study evaluates how a stability ball exercise programme influences low back pain and lifestyle interference across the second and third pregnancy trimester.Methods
the study was non-randomised and controlled, examining a target population of low-risk pregnancy women between 20 and 22 weeks of gestation located during a regional hospital in northern Taiwan. All participants had a minimum of minimal low back pain, no prior history of chronic low back pain before pregnancy, and no indications of preterm labour. In total, 89 individuals participated: 45 within the control group and 44 within the experimental group (who attended an antenatal stability ball exercise programme). This programme lasted 12 weeks, composed of a minimum of three sessions per week. Fitness workouts lasted from 25 to half-hour . the ladies completed their basic personal information, the Brief Pain Inventory–Short Form, and therefore the Family Exercise Support Attitude Questionnaire.Results
after adjusting for demographic data and antenatal exercise status by propensity scores, experimental-group women who participated within the antenatal stability ball exercise programme reported significantly less low back pain and lifestyle interferences than the control group at 36 weeks of gestation.  เว็บแทงบอลฟรี

Discussion
the inclusion of stability ball exercises during pregnancy may reduce pregnancy low back pain and boost lifestyle functions. This stability ball exercise programme provides health-care professionals with an evidence-based intervention.

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